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Oman is a Middle East country with Muscat as the capital. It is a country of rich Omani culture, which has aided in the development of a modern Oman.

Middle Eastern country Oman or the Sultanate of Oman is located on the Eastern Coast of the Arabian Peninsula bordering UAE, Saudi Arabia, and Yemen. The development of Oman is just a few decades old. It is since the 1970s that the country saw exceptional growth and development in the field of education and tourism along with others.

Political Overview
Oman functions as an absolute monarchy and the Sultan of Oman is both the head of the State and head of the Government. He also holds many important powers of the State. He is the commander of armed forces and is also the prime minister and defense minister of the state, and also heads finance and foreign affairs of the country. Even the judicial system of the country is governed by the Royal Decree 90/99.

Geographical Overview
Oman lies between UAE and Yemen and has a coastline of 2,092 km. The country is covered by deserts over most of central Oman and mountains towards the north and southeast shoreline. The country experiences dry climate with scanty rainfall. The regions along the coastline remain hot and humid whereas the interior regions are mainly dry and hot. During May to September, Oman receives strong southwest summer monsoon in far south areas.

Oman is a beautiful desert country with many appealing sites and destinations. The popularity of Oman is mainly due to its mountains, deserts and Wadis, which are the green oases of palm trees with grasses and flower. In addition, Oman also has some exotic beaches with crystal clear and sparkling water. Some of the interesting attractions of Oman include Jebel Shams, Dhofar, Sharqiya Region, and Dibba.

In fact, Oman is rich in nature, culture as well as interesting activities such as scuba diving, boating, climbing, trekking, camping, playing golf, shopping, watching whales, dolphins, turtles, and birds. In addition, you can enjoy camel and horse racing and the souks and villages of Oman.

Culture & People
The ethnic groups existing in Oman mainly include Arabs and Baluchis. In additions, people of African and some Asian countries like India, Pakistan etc., are also living here. Arabic is the official language, mostly spoken by people. However, English, Baluchi and Urdu are also used. Omani culture is highly influenced by Islam, the religion followed in Oman. In addition, Cuisine is another important part of Omani culture. The Omanis prefer less spicy food that varies as per region.

The economy of Oman is highly dependent on oil resources, which is declining due to heavy dependency. To control the situation, the country has persuaded other development plans that would reduce the burden and will accumulate the rapidly growing labor force of Oman. The country has taken to diversifying, privatizing and industrializing of the economy. Tourism is one of the sectors along with gas based industries, which contributes to the economic growth. Oman exports goods like petroleum, re-exports, fish, metals, textiles and so on. The mineral resources industries of Oman also contribute hugely in the development of the economy.

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