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Thimphu the capital of Bhutan

Bhutan | Political Map Bhutan | Flag Bhutan

A landlocked country in the south Asia, the Kingdom of Bhutan is sandwiched between India and China, at the eastern end of the Himalayan chain. One of the most secluded nations in the world, Bhutan has been a monarchy since 1907. In 1910, a treaty was signed between Britain and Bhutan, which stipulated that the Britain was not to interfere in the internal affairs of Bhutan. Under the agreement of the treaty Britain would direct its foreign affairs. When India became independent in 1947, this role was taken by it. Hoever, a formal Indo-Bhutanese accord signed in 1949 saw the ceding of areas returned to Bhutan annexed by the British. In March 2005, the current king, Jigme Singye Wangchuk unveiled the government's draft constitution making earnest moves toward constitutional government.

The kingdom of Bhutan is home to three distinct climatic regions including tropical, temperate and cold. The official language of Bhutan is Dzongkha ("the language of the dzong").

Capital: Thimphu
Location: Southern Asia, between China and India
Climate: tropical, cool winters and hot summers in central valleys; severe winters and cool summers in Himalayas
Total Area: 47,000 sq km
Total Population: 2,327,849
Population Growth Rate: 2.082%
Sex Ratio: 1.066 male(s)/female
Literacy: 47%
Ethnic Groups: Bhote, ethnic Nepalese,
Irrigated land: 400 sq km
Languages: Dzongkha, Tibetan dialects, Nepalese dialects
Time Zone: UTC+6
Currency: ngultrum
Travel Overview
A remote country, Bhutan also known as Druk Yul, the Land of Thunder Dragon, is still untouched by modernity. With the Foreign Direct investment being authorised for the first time in 2001, the country has seen the setting up of hotel chains. The Bhutanese government is now encouraging tourism and wants to quadruple the number of visitors.

Bhutan, sometimes referred to as the Last Shangri-La, is known for its natural beauty, pristine environment, ancient Buddhist temples and monasteries and dzongs (fortresses), and traditional Bhutanese hospitality. Tourist attractions in Bhutan include the cities of Thimphu, Paro, Bumthang, Tongsa and Punakha. Other places of attractions are the Rinpung Dzong and Taktsang (Tiger’s Nest) Monasteries in Paro; Trashi Chhoe Dzong (the fortress of Glorious Religion) and the Memorial Chorten in Thimphu; Wangdichholing Palace in Bumthang, the scenic Dechenphu Lhakhang Hills, and BlackMountainNational Park in Phobjika. Tourust can also enjoy activities like trekking, hiking, river rafting, wildlife excursions, bird watching and shopping.

Neighbouring countries: China, India
Type of govt.: absolute monarchy, transition to a constitutional monarchy expected in 2008
Head of Govt.: Prime Minister Khandu Wangchuk
Major Political Parties: no legal parties
Participation in International Organizations: AsDB, BIMSTEC, CP, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IMF, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OPCW, SAARC, SACEP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Major Agricultural Products: rice, corn, root crops, citrus, foodgrains; dairy products, eggs
Natural Resources & Minerals: timber, hydropower, gypsum, calcium carbonate
Industry & Transport: cement, wood products, processed fruits, alcoholic beverages, calcium carbide, tourism
Airports: 2
Roadways: 8,050 km
Major Trade Partners: India, Japan, Germany, Hong Kong, Mexico
Exports: $186 million
Imports: $410 million

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