Known to the world also as Burma, Myanmar is a fascinating Southeast Asian country marked by its simple ethnic people and their heritage of long lasting traditions. Even after more than 60 years of independence from being a British colony, not much has changed in Myanmar in terms of its people, their culture, and so on.
Myanmar is definitely one of the fascinating and captivating destinations in Asia if you talk about its landscape and topography. However, over the years the country remained inaccessible due to the political unrest prevailing. Nevertheless, things are changing now for better. Even in terms of accessibility, the country is becoming more accessible for outsiders.
Since independence, Myanmar has drafted three constitutions. The one existing at present, which is the third one was drafted by its military rulers and published in September 2008. Under this constitution, the country was being ruled as a unitary presidential constitutional republic for a long time. However, since March 2011 the country has been functioning under nominally civilian parliamentary government with a president and bicameral legislature.
Myanmar is situated in Southeastern Asia bordering the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal. The country has an extended coastline of 1,930 km. Area wise, Myanmar is one of the largest countries in mainland Southeast Asia. The country experiences tropical monsoon with summers being cloudy, rainy, humid and hot and winters being scanty in terms of rainfall and less of humidity.
Despite the unrest and political turmoil, Myanmar did receive some tourists over the years, especially since 1992, as the government started encouraging tourism in the country. Though the number of tourists entering the country as of now is very less, it is expected to gain momentum initially.
Myanmar is a beautiful country with lovely natural beauty. Some of the top places to visit in Myanmar include Bagan, which has over 4000 Buddhist Temples, Inle Lake, Mandalay, Yangon, Kalaw, and so on.
Culture & People
The culture of Myanmar is influenced by its neighboring countries like India, China, and Thailand etc. The culture of these countries and the local culture of Myanmar have mixed well to create the prevailing culture of Myanmar. Buddhism is the major religion and the largest one. However, other religions like Hinduism, Christianity and Islam also exists in small numbers.
Bamar is the most dominant ethnic group in the country along with other native minority groups with their own culture. Besides, there are some ethnic minorities from China and India whose ancestors migrated to the country long back during the British Rule.
Myanmar as a country is rich in resources. But things like corruption, unproductive economic policies, and especially the pervasive control of the government has kept the country least developed with more poverty and less growth. Under the previous regime, the country saw the deteriorating social economic conditions of Myanmar and its people. In fact, it is one of the poorest countries of Southeast Asia. Even the business climate here is seen as corrupt and incompetent. There is huge economic imbalance in the country and a wide gap between economic elite and poor public. However, things have started changing since 2011 as the government is taking steps to reforms and towards an open economy. Things like lowering export taxes, easing restrictions and seeking aid from international companies are some such steps.