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Cyclone map India
Capital: New Delhi
Location: Central Aasia
Sharing Border with Bangaladesh, Bhutan, Tibbet, China, Pakistan, Srilanka, Myanmar
India comes in Asia continent which is seventh largest country and the second populous country in the world. South India covered with Arabian Sea on the west side, bay of bengal at the eastern side, and Indian Ocean spreaded all over south India. India has Taj Mahal, himalayas at the Northern India, Taj Mahal monument has included in New seven wonders of the World.
Climate: India has different climate regions and devided into 6 type of climate. Most of it part covered by tropical wet - dry and humid sub tropical regions. Southern India, centarl and north west part has tropical wet and dry climate. Central, North and North west India covered by humid sub tropical climate. These type of climates are best for agriculture and other agricultural activities. North East India and South west Indian regions have tropical wet climate, cause heavy rain fall and humidity. Highland covered North West to Top Nortyh East part of India. Himalayas range known for highland climate region. Semi aride climate comes into south west and north west area of India. And aride climate have western part of the country.
If there is one piece of land on this planet that reminds of motherly love and warmth, it is called India. No matter where you belong to, it embraces all with the same affection, like its own child.
Maps of India! political map of India, colourful India map listed all the states and their capital and important famous cities of India.
Maps of India ! Political map of India; India travel maps, india tourist map, map india, India city map and maps of tourists destinations of India are available for your references. The maps of India page including state maps of India, map of rajasthan, map of Goa, map of Kerala, map of mumbai, map of maharashtra, map of delhi, map of haryana, map of agra, and map of jaipur.
It is very natural for a subcontinent as diverse as India to carve out a distinct identity of its own. India has achieved this diversity because of its various cultures, geographical diversity, vibrant people, colorful costumes and several religions. In spite of its diversity, the country has achieved unity. You can enjoy customised tours and covers all facets of the country.
The geography of India encompasses the landscapes that include snow-capped mountains, fertile Gangetic plains, long coastal plains, arid desert, rain forests and plateaus. If you are a nature lover, India will surely fascinate you. Moreover, the country is also a haven for terrestrial and aquatic animals, birds, flora and fauna.
The true identity of India always harmonizes into one central core of entity. Hailing from different castes and creeds, Indian people are generous and hospitable. They are steeped in their tradition and culture. It is also the only country that has various religions such as Hinduism, Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, Sikhism, Jainism and Parsi. The pious devotees of the world visit India for spiritual enrichment. India has countless temples, mosques, churches, gurudwaras and other places of worship. If you are a religious person, the India will definitly relax your soul.
India also draws global attention for its vibrant cultural spectrum. The dances of India can be broadly divided into classical and folk dances. The trained professionals usually perform Indian classical dance and the folk dances are primarily performed by the common people. Some of the classical dance forms of India include Kathak, Kathakali, Bharatnatyam, Oddisi and others. Know about the various dance forms of India, dance costumes and eminent dancers by travelling through.
However, it won’t be appropriate to consider India only as a land of tradition and old customs. The country also offers an urban image to the world. Its cosmopolitan look is rightly captured by the fashionable Indian attires, modern buildings and famous personalities. Indian film industry also captures the true essence of modern India.
Flag of India:
Annual Rainfall and Monsoon: June 1 is the normal rainfall month in which the monsoon started and october is the month for normal withdraw of monsoon, some time it comes before 1 june and some time the rainfall comes later. The rainfall generally measured as 100 mm to 400 mm during monsoon. Cherapunji known for highest rainfall area and it goes more than 400 mm.
Precipitation and winds: Most of the areas have 200 mmto 500 mm percipitation and winds.
Temperature and pressure: According to temperature and pressure India has devided into four seasons
November - January
Northern India has 0 - 10 C
North East and Upper Central regions have 10 - 20 C
Central regions of India have 20 - 25 C
South India regions have 25 - 30 C
Feb - April - The temperature at the most of the area of India have between 20-30 C, accept Northern regions they have 20-25 C comparitively less than other areas, rest of the part have 25 to 30 C and more than 30 C. Specially central part of India has more than 30 C temperature.
July - September - Most of the regions of India have 25 30 C temperature except North west and south east they have more than 30 C temperature.
October - In this period of time India has almost same temperature all over between 20 to 30 degree c
Land resources Map: India is rich in land resources and these are the most important natural resources wealth of india.
According to Soil type it has devided into 11 regions,
Glacier and skeletal soils: Top of the Northern India the himalayas ranges have Glacier and skeletal soils.
Mountain Soils: Below the Himalayas it has mountain soils at some areas of north India.
Sub Mountain Soil: Mountain soils and sub mountain soils are almost the same quality with the little difference.
Alluvial Soils: This type of solis found at North India just below the mountains of Himalayas. western India like gujarat, south east and south west India and North east India.
Desert Soils: North west India have desert soil, Rajasthan and Gujarat are the main regions where desert found.
Black Soil: Some of the Central and western regions have black soil.
Red Soil: All over South india and North East India have red soils
Red and black Soils: A very few regions have red and black soils, it can be seen in the map
Grey and brown soils: Some areas of north west regions have grey and brown soils.
Red and Yellow soil: A very few regions have this soil
Laterite Soil: South west and some of the regions have this soil:
Geology: There are major 6 type of geological eras of India,
Quaternary 66 - 0.01 Million years
Teritory 66 - 16 million years
Mesozoic 245 - 66 million years
Palaeozoic 570 - 245
Archaean pre 2500
Land Use: According to land use there are 4 type of land Scrub and gardens 4.8%, Unproductive land 13.6%, Forest 22.6% and Arable land is 59%
Natural Vegetation: Most of the part of India have tropical deciduous and tropical thorni and rest of the areas have sub tropicle, tropical evergreen, temperate, alpine and sub alpine, littoral and swamp and desert
Rivers basin of India
The main water drainage and surface water supply have in India by rivers. There are 13 main river basin, 43 medium river basin and minor river basin have around 2 lakh squar kilometer area, main river serve around 81% of total population.
The Indian rivers are:
Ganga, Indus river, Godavari, Krishna, Brahmaputra, Mahanadi, Narmada, Kaveri, Tapi, Penner, Mahe, Sabarmati, Damodar, Kaldan etc.
The major channels for irrigation in India are rivers, canal and wells these are used in north, west and north east reagions majorly, tanks are used in south and south east India. However rivers are the main irrigation channels in India.
Power - electricity consumption:
Industrial area has highest power consumption india around 36%, second no. electricity consumption area is domestic at 26%, agriculture comes on third no. in power consumption in India at 24%. Rest of the 14 % used by commercial activities, railways and others.
Agriculture and Food Crops:
Wheat total production is 59.1 m tones in total area of 25 m hactares. The Uttarpradesh has the largest production area of wheat with 33% of total production. Punjab share 20% and 12% Haryana, Madhya pradesh, Rajasthan and Bihar produce 11.8%, 10% and 6% of total wheat production in India.
Total production of bajra is 5.02 m tones by 9.53 hactares area. Rajasthan state known for highest production of Bajra in India 25.6%, then Maharashtra 21%, Gujarat produce 18%, Uttarpradesh 13.5%, Haryana 8.7%, Tamilnadu, karnataka and others contribute by 12.8% of bajra production
Rice is the largest crop by the total rice production in India is 78.97 m tones by 42 m hactares area. West bengal known for the highest rice production state in India 15.5%, Uttarpradesh 13.5% and Andhrapradesh 13.3%. These are the major states known for rice production.
Maharashtra share highest jowar production by 51% of total jowar production in India. Maharashtra and Karnataka are the highest jowar production states of india. Total jowar production in India is 11.52 m tones by 12.88 m hactares fields.
India is reputed to be the last Polynesian monarchy. Once a British protectorate, this Christian country India is ruled by a king supported by hereditary noblemen. The country India joined the Commonwealth of Nations and the United Nations in 1970 and 1999 respectively.
The colorful India: Culture and Traditions
The essence of India lies in its traditions that is iconic of its cultural heritage. The same also give rise to overwhelming number of festivals. With inherited traditional concentrates and dilutions attributed by modernism, the flavors keep evolving with time and keep changing from one state to another , city to city and even villages to villages. But the spirit behind all this, never changes. The spirit, signifying the authority of God and celebrating His creation, paying tribute to his rule and seeking His love and protection, makes the whole experience very special. And so the unity in diversity never seem to detach from the central idea of spirituality. India has always been a spiritual country.
The Spiritual Nation
Indians have many faiths to keep. The primary ones are Hinduism, Islam, Christianity and Sikhism. The religious spread is uniform except for Sikhism which is concentrated in the northern belt and Christianity which is more popular in the east and southern coastal land. Out of all, Hinduism and Sikhism originated in the country.
Culture and religion are entwined together and offer the people of the land all the freedom of connecting to Almighty. This teaches mutual tolerance. Hence the special effect of culture on religion makes the ethos of a religious community very inviting
When you enter into the compound, you will feel really stunning, Taj Mahal the incredible monument of 16th century. Dream of a King who loved his wife deeply and imagination of an artist took shape in the form of Taj Mahal. A precious gift for world. Look out Seven Wonders of the World
A view of Taj Mahal from Agra fort, People admiring taj mahal beauty, the marble in the sky
Main entry gate of Taj Mahal, situated in Agra, beautiful lush green lawn with trees, equally balanced area.
Taj Mahal the beautiful architecture, amazing look, a piece of extraordinary art and wonderful example of mughal architecture in India. The Taj Mahal a dream of a king Shahjahan in memory of his wife Noorjahan. She died while giving birth to her 14 child. The King gone into deep sorrow, and thought of a monument and the shape took as Taj Mahal. The artisans and the worker comes from all over India and made hard work up to 20 years then complete the dream of Indian King
Incredible India has something special for every
traveler.Feel the thrill as you go white-water
rafting on a fast-moving river or feel completely
at calm as you relax on a serene beach. Travel
history, age-old monuments or feel the modern
rhythm of India in its busy crowded cities. Take
a wildlife safari tour and watch a tiger in the
India is a magical travel destinations and experience the magic of Incredible India's travel places. As you travel to diverse parts of the Indian subcontinent you will discover though each area may have its own language, customs, cultures, rituals and cuisine, they are all unified in a shared culture. If you want to keep discovering new features of the country go local.
You can experience India heritage in the different part of India. India's heritage is like a colorful spectrum of multiple facets like crafts, religion, customs, performing arts, traditions, travel, cuisine, beliefs, attitude, history, health, medicine, monuments, literature, painting and languages. These heritages of India reflect the influence of existing cultures.
Incredible Taj Mahal
Taj Mahal is truely Incredibleand is one of the modern Seven womders of the world. The beauty of Taj is giving complex to the rest of the world beauty since 1653. Shah Jahan got this tombstone constructed in the memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal.
The Taj Mahal is Love wrapped in white marble sheet standing tall on the riverbank of Yamuna. Pure river water at the back and monument in white is marvelous peice of art and is worth watching. It is very difficult to define the beauty of Taj Mahal in words, It can only be seen with a heart full of love.
Incredible India Kathakali Dancer
Kathakali DanceKerala India
Himalayas Mountains Range India
Himalayas India Travel! Himalaya is a mountain range at the north in India and spreading across Asia. Himalayas known for spiritual center, an exciting experience, Ultimate Adventure sport destination, beautiful vacations and mountain peak of Himalayas.
1,483 sq km
Population: 13.8 million
Time Zone: GMT/UTC +5.5 (Standard)
Telephone Area Code: 11
The Himalaya is a mountain range at the north in India and spreading across Asia. The Himalaya enlarge across India, Pakistan, Nepal, China and Bhutan The Himalayan mountain system is the planet's highest and home to all fourteen of the world's highest peaks. This is the source of three major river systems — the Ganga-Brahmaputra, the Indus and the Yangtze. Himalaya means "abode of snow" in Sanskrit (from hima "snow", and alaya "abode"). The correct name for the range is Himalaya, though the Himalayas is often used. Estimated 750 million people live in the watershed area of the Himalayan rivers.
Himalaya - India Attractions & Places
Map of Himalayas
Himalayas known for spiritual center, an exciting experience, Ultimate Adventure sport destination, beautiful vacations and mountain peak. It is the perfect holiday destination for nature lovers as its exotic beauty hypnotize everyone. For the pilgrims the Himalayas are most blessed and respected mountain ranges in the world. Himalayas is also known as the house of God as it is considered sacred among the people of different religions.
Himalayas has a beautiful collection of architecture of several temples. There are options to visit the Char Dhams, which include Kedarnath, Badrinath, Yamunotri, and Gangotri, Kailash Mansarovar and the Holy Mountain in Tibet.
The Monasteries in the Trans-Himalayan regions is the sacred place for the Buddhists. The varied landscape of the Himalayan district makes it one of the best places to visit on earth.
Himachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Jammu Kashmir, Ladakh, Sikkim, Bhutan, Tibet, Nepal.Himachal Pradesh
Pradesh is the bunch of amazing and awesome hill stations, which are
particularly cool in summers. The names first in the list, are Shimla,
Dalhousie, Kullu, Manali and Kufri to name a few. Dharamshala is also
known for Dalai lama where Dalai Lama resides. The valleys of Himachal
Pradesh is also a bouquet of several different styles of temple architecture.
Many are popular centers of pilgrimage that attract thousands each year.
Some of the famous temples are Baijnath temple, which is built in shikhara style. The Bhimkali temple is another beautiful example of hillside architecture.
Shimla, which was British summer capital of India in the mid-eighteenth century, still portrays the colonial British Raj in its architecture and atmosphere. The capital city of Hinachal Pradesh, Shimla is a beautiful example of nature beauty and man made beauty. It is a picturesque place dotted with charming bungalows and malls. A perfect holiday destination offering hikes and treks for adventure lovers. You can enjoy scenic hikes to the villages of Pabo and Kamiana. Longer hikes can be made to Kiar Koti and Tattapani but it is better to take a guide along to these places.
It is a
quite and simple place with people leading a simple life. And if you
talk about adventure sports then it is a perfect place for adventure
sports in India and are well known destinations nationally and internationally.
Billing, in Kangra valley, is the most popular destination for hang
gliding in India. Similarly Manali and Dharmashala, and their adjoining
areas, beckon professional climbers from all over the world to take
up some of the most exciting and challenging, rock climbing options
in the world. For more excitement you can indulge in heli sking. Hanuman
Tibba, Deo Tibba and Chanderkhani Pass near Manali are very popular
Heli Skiing sports. If you want to enjoy adventurous sport and a peace
vacation on hill stations this is the best place to visit.
Tourist Destinations in Himachal Pradesh
Chamba, Kangra, Una, Lahaul & Spiti, Kullu, Mandi, Hamirpur, Bilaspur, Solan, Kinnaur, Shimla and Sirmour.
is picture of a true heaven on earth.
The white sheet of snow spread far and wide covering the echo beauty of this paradise. The soft snowflakes adorning the coniferous, the misty hazy breath, the chilly breeze gently tingling your senses, the tender sunlight deflecting from the ice capped peaks and spreading the much needed warmth. All so milky and pure.
Two major Himalayan ranges, the Great Himalayan Range and the Pir Panjal, surround the landscape from the north and south of Kashmir, set like a jeweled crown on the map of India, Kashmir is a multi-faceted diamond, changing its hues with the seasons - always extravagantly beautiful. They are the source of great rivers, which flow down into the valleys, forested with orchards and decorated by lily-laden lakes.
Kashmir is a land where countless holiday ideas are realised. In winter, when snow carpets the mountains, there is skiing, tobogganing, sledge-riding, etc. along the gentle slopes. In spring and summer, the honey-dewed orchards, rippling lakes and blue skies beckon every soul to sample the many delights the mountains and valleys have to offer.
Golfing at 2,700 m above the sea, water-skiing in the lakes and angling for prized rainbow trout, or simply drifting down the willow fringed alleys of lakes in shikaras and living in gorgeous houseboats are some of the most favoured ones.
Kashmir has four distinct seasons, these are spring, summer, autumn and winter.
Tourist Destinations in Kashmir
Gulmarg, Pahalgam, Amarnathji Yatra - a journey into faith, Sonamarg - The Meadow of Gold, Srinagar – The Lake City
The middle Himalayas lies the Pir Panjal Range which separates Jammu province from the Kashmir Valley. The snow-capped Pir Panjal Mountains, the region of Jammu constitutes the southernmost unit of the state of Jammu & Kashmir.
Toward its north and north-east rises the ‘Outer Hills’ zone attaining heights of 2000 to 4000 ft above mean sea level. Basohli, Reasi and better parts of Rajouri district fall in this zone. The landscape here shows open scrubs that gradually thicken from low scrub to taller trees of acacias, rhododendrons, cacti, etc. Above this zone, the terrain becomes acute in incline, the vegetal cover rich and the climatic conditions increasingly healthy.
This is the region of the Middle Himalayas comprising several upland valleys of great natural beauty such as Kishtwar, Bhaderwah, Poonch and higher parts of Rajouri district. The average altitude of this zone ranges from 8000 to 10,000 ft. The mountains here are covered with thick forests of oak and chestnut, and higher up with deodar and pine.
And in the extreme north-east rises the Great Himalayan Range itself, which forms a natural barrier between the Kishtwar region of Jammu and the Suru-Zanskar area of the Ladakh region. In its south-east to north-west sweeping arc, the Great Himalayan Wall soars to a maximum height of 7,135 m in the Nun-Kun massif, while dipping to 3,505 m at Zoji-la.
Jammu region is home to several ethnic communities which follow traditional life-styles with distinctive cultures of their own. Yet the region’s history is not completely bereft of traditions of art and culture.
The Pahari miniature paintings that have justly become famous throughout India, are the finest examples of their artistic achievements.
As summer draws on, the Gaddis (Gaddis, another semi-nomadic community) move up the mountain pastures with their flocks, and return to the lower area with the first snowfall. Gaddis are generally associated with emotive music played on the flute.
The city of Jammu, the winter capital of the state, is the epicenter of all socio-economic activities in the Jammu region. It is also the base for visiting various centers of tourist and pilgrimage interest in which the region abounds.
The most important pilgrimage centre is the shrine of Mata Vaishnodeviji situated in the Trikuta hills at a distance of 60 kms from Jammu. Over 4.5 million pilgrims trek to this holy cave shrine to pay obeisance to this most revered of Hindu deities every year. Jammu is the most beautiful state where you can view the various landscape of beauty.
Tourist Destinations in Jammu
Vaishno Devi Katra, Shahdra Sharif Rajouri district, Kishtawar.
at altitudes ranging from about 9,000 ft (2,750 m) at Kargil to 25,170
ft (7,672m) at Saser Kangri, in the Karakoram Range
Ladakh India bounded by two of the world's mightiest mountain ranges, the Karakoram in the north and the Great Himalaya in the south, it is traversed by two other parallel chains, the Ladakh Range and the Zanskar Range.
Ladakh was once covered by an extensive lake system, but the main source of water is winter snowfall. In Ladakh-India Dras, Zanskar and the Suru Valley on the Himalaya's northern flanks receive heavy snow in winter, this feeds the glaciers from which melt water, carried down by streams, irrigates the fields in summer. For the rest of the region, the snow on the peaks is virtually the only source of water. As the crops grow, the villagers pray not for rain, but for sun to melt the glaciers and liberate their water.
In Ladakh-India the summer temperatures rarely exceed 27C in the shade, while in winter they may at times plummet to minus 20C even in Leh. Surprisingly though, the thin air makes the heat of the sun even more intense than at lower altitudes. It is said that only in Ladakh can a man sitting in the sun with his feet in the shade suffer from sunstroke and frostbite at the same time!
Ladakh became recognized as the best trade route between the Punjab and Central Asia. For centuries caravans carrying textiles, spices, raw silk, carpets, dyestuffs, narcotics, etc traversed it.
The famous pashmina (better known as cashmere) also came down from the high-altitude plateaux of eastern Ladakh and western Tibet, through Leh, to Srinagar, where skilled artisans transformed it into shawls known the world over for their softness and warmth. Ironically, it was this lucrative trade that finally spelt the doom of the independent kingdom.
Ladakh, together with the neighbouring province of Baltistan, was incorporated into the newly created state of Jammu & Kashmir. Just over a century later, this union was disturbed by the partition of India, as a result of which Baltistan became part of Pakistan, while Ladakh remained in India as part of the State of Jammu & Kashmir.
Tourist Destinations in Ladakh
Kargil, Zanskar, Leh Town and around, Monasteries & Monuments
known for the the small but beautiful place Sikkim . Spread below the
Mount Khanchendzonga (8534 mts), the third highest mountain in the world,
and revered by the Sikkimese as their protective deity. With an area
of 7,300 sq kms and measuring approx. 114 kms from the north to south
and 64 kms from east to west, the elevation ranges from 300 mts to over
8540 mts above sea level.
In the middle of the splendor of the mountain peaks, , fast flowing rivers, green valleys, hill stations, Sikkim offers her visitors a rare and singular experience.
Tourist Destinations in Ladakh
Gyalshing, Mangan, Namchi and Gangtok.
Sikkim, Gyalshing is a beautiful place set in the charming Himalayan
state of Sikkim. Main attractions are trekking up to Dzongri at the
base of the Kanchenjunga, and the two old monasteries of Pemayangtse
is known as Mangan, which is the district headquarters of North Sikkim,
a place of eye-catching beauty. The little village with their flower
patches, and the water wheels strung with bells set in exquisite miniature
gardens more than reimburse for the simplicity of the region.
The region is famous for the Phensong and Phodong Monastery, the latter being considered one of the six main monastries of Sikkim.
meaning 'sky high', is nestled among the hills at an elevation of 5,500
ft, commands panoramic view of the snow capped mountains and huge stretches
South Sikkim, Namchi is also the district headquarters of south Sikkim. With it's enormous potential for all round tourist activities, it is fast developing as a tourist destination.
Gangtok known for its scenic beauty with its excellent views. The scenery from this hill town is spectacular and there are outstanding views of the entire Kanchenjunga Range from many points within the city. North of Gangtok is the Enchey Gompa and the telecommunication tower. The palace of the former Chogyal, or ruler of Sikkim, and the impressive Royal Chapel are lower down along the ridge. Then there is the Namgyal Institute of Tibetology, an Orchid Sanctuary and a large chorten (Tibetan stupa) with an adjoining gompa
is also called a land of Gods and Goddess.
Uttaranchal is a state of natural beauty and some of the untouched and unspoilt natural places such nainita, valley of flowers, dehradun, himalaya, kausani etc. Also famous for it's lakes, national parks, mountains, forests, santuries and is also a favourate destinatioan of wildlife lovers.
Nainital, dehradun, almora, pithoragarh, bageshwar, tehri, udham singh nagar, chamoli, uttarkashi. Also know more about the tamples such as badrinath, kedarnath, hemkund sahib, kailash maan sarovar, naina devi tample etc.
is carved out of Uttar Pradesh. It occupies 17.3% of India’s total
land area with 51,125 sq. km. It has a population of about 6.0 million
at 94.4 per sq. km. International borders touched by the border of state
are Tibet, Nepal Neighbor states are Himachal Pradesh and Utter Pradesh
Uttaranchal is also a major destination for adventure sports lovers. Many national and international competitions of Skiing, Mountaineering, Water rafting, Rock climbing etc. are held every year. This is also a favorite adventurous sport destination in India.
of Gods, flanked by the Himalayas, origin of heavenly rivers such as
holiest Ganga alongwith Yamuna, Saraswati and their many siblings, blossomed
with temple towns and holding an overwhelming history of the mankind,
Aryavart and the land itself, Uttaranchal is the land of the Holy trinity
Brahma, Vishnu, Mahesh - The creator, The Preserver and The Destroyer.
In fact, name any deity, call upon the supreme, refer to the followers
and talk the sacredness, Uttaranchal is the experience which makes you
vibrant and affected.
Vast, vivid and wonderful, Uttaranchal is a smaller yet an unforgettable destination hosting nearly everything which a thirsty pilgrim, casual tourist, a weekend trekker, a seasoned mountaineer, a true devotee, a knowledge seeker, a nature lover or a sage, seer and a Sanyasi may not dare forget forever.
Uttarakhand', the original identity of Uttaranchal, the Dev Bhumi, comprising of Garhwal and Kumaon creates verses and chronicles in the history and in the History of Travel, it creates endlessly. The space and landscapes, peaks, valleys, deep gorges, sacred rivers, snow clad mountains and glaciers, lakes, mesmerizing bugyals, fragrant mangroves, rainforests and jungles, and equal number of secret and mystic destinations, they qualify as a region visited from time immemorial.
Its people are warm and welcoming, simple and honest, tough and generous. Its culture rich and interesting, its space and time answers the quest to cosmic conundrums. It has a great folklore, spirited life, and a distinct identity and antiquity of India in a very natural content and form.
Uttranchal formed as a separate Himalayan state and carved out of Uttar Pradesh, Uttaranchal is India's 27th state. Dehradun is its interim state capital. It shares borders with different states such as Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh and Haryana. It shares international borders with Tibet(China) and Nepal and thus it describes itself as a crucial state geographically and politically. It has following 13 districts.
Chamoli, Dehradun, Haridwar, Pauri, Rudraprayag and Tehri Garhwal
Almora, Bageshwar, Champawat, Nainital, Pithoragarh and Udham Singh-Nagar
Indian folk dance, This is India, When you travel India you will find different cultural richness during yur visit to different places of India, the Artist performing folk dance during Surajkund Craft Mela Faridabad, Delhi NCR. The traditional dresses are looking like artist canvas full of colours, the environment is making delight by their expressions, This is called Ras leela. Look at the colours and contrast in between. The krishna wearing peacock feather on the top of the head, with orange dupatta with yellow decorations, while the female character balancing the dress with orange dominated dress with blue strip. This is called India.
One of the Incredible architecture of India, Khajuraho is also known
for Kama Sutra.
This is the most ancient and historical place of India. Known as Khajuraho, situated in the State of Madhya Pradesh. Khajuraho tmples were built by Chandel Rajputs in the year 925
A dance performer in India, performing Kathakali classical dance belong to Kerala state. One of the Incredible example of India. Artist wearing face mask of God, traditional dress with large clourful mukut, lots of jewelry, clothes with traditional prints, artificial nails, white scarf and lots of paint on face and other part of body. They use to perform on many occasions in Kerala – a south Indian state famous for Ayurveda and Yoga and natural body treatments. They use traditional old style meditation and messages, purification of soul and rejuvenation. Kerala is also known for beaches, backwaters and martial art. I will discuss these in my further updates, keep in touch. More About Kerala
When I thought about India Travel I get thrilled to think about culture
of India, Monuments of india, Temple of India, Beaches of India, Deserts
of India and amazing spicy foods of India
is favorite tourist destination for those who love culture, heritage,
beaches, ayurveda, luxury, royal palaces and adventure. Its variety of
landscapes, people and culture offer everything you want during your travel
in this country. From the ice-covered Himalayas to the humid lush Kerala, and from the
holy Ganges to the vast desert of Thar, the country offers different facets
There are too many choices for tourists coming to India then anywhere else. From Wildlife Tours to Adventure tours, from Culture tour packages to Heritage tour packages, from Desert tours to Backwater tours, from Beach tours to Tribal tours, and from Cuisine tours to omnipresent Golden Triangle tours - Just select the best tour package of india, we will make sure that you get the best while you are traveling.
When you Travel in India feel yourself delighted to a supernatural
world. observe the beauty of Taj Mahal and other impressive monuments and feel like royalty at royal palaces
and luxury resorts when you travel in India, relax on exotic beaches
in Goa and Kerala, revive yourself at exotic spas in India. Royal luxury
trains of India that remind you the regal heritage of the country and enjoy
a cruise on the serene backwaters of Kerala. enjoy the sights, culture,
colors and warmness of India on tours to the best Luxury Destinations in
India. When you travel in India Experience the luxury.
India from beautiful calm beaches to snow-capped mountains, desert to wildlife forests, tour packages in India is full of charming destinations. India has been known as a good host for travelers, and is balanced to be guest friendly.
If you want to see a vast variety of culture and traditions then this is the perfect place to enjoy. About the culture of India, every state has its own culture and language with various tongue, unique cuisine, art and craft, special fairs, fairs and festivals, crowded bazaars and customs that are peculiar to them. Travel in India is a range of experiences and activities that you can choose from. Dream holiday lying under the sun on the beautiful golden beaches of Goa, camel safari in the deserts of Rajasthan, trekking through the verdant wild forests of Assam, or visiting the superb royal forts and palaces, India travel is a ‘perfect experience’ tourist destination that is sure to leave an incredible impression on you!
Times of India travel provide you with all the information that you need on Indian Heritage in order to understand this great country and prepare yourself for the tour of India. To understand the heritage and culture of India you can choose Heritage Tours of India.
Throughout Indian history armies, traders, and immigrants from all over the world have attack India. India's heritage is like a rainbow of performing arts, crafts, culture, traditions, religion, customs, beliefs, philosophy, history, health, medicine, travel, cuisine, monuments, literature, painting and languages. Each one of these heritages of India reflects the influence of existing cultures.
The cultural heritage of India include, musical heritage, dances heritage, heritage in sculpturing and other fine arts, festivities, customs, food and languages spoken, traditional beliefs etc.
A remarkable walk through historical monuments and places
in Delhi, look in wonder at the astonishing perfection of the Taj Mahal
in Agra, calm down on a golden beach in Goa with sun, sand and sea, experience
rejuvenated after a visit to an Ayurvedic spa in Kerala, breathe in the
fresh looking mountain air and be stunned by the incredible landscape of
Ladakh, feel the peace of the desert sand dunes in Rajasthan, and feel the
excitement of India's modern cities in Mumbai and Bangalore. India offers
a great, rich variety of travel destinations to choose from.
India is the second most crowded nation in the world with over one billion citizens. It is not possible to speak of any one Indian culture, although there is different cultural essence in every state of India. There are 16 official languages in India in its different states, but there are 24 languages that are spoken by a millions of people of India or more.
India travel for Delhi - the tour to delhi is consists of two parts- Old Delhi and New Delhi. Old Delhi is also known as historical city, old Delhi has the glory of the Mughal era in such monuments as the Red Fort and the Jama Masjid. You can enjoy a rickshaw ride along the busy Chandni Chowk bazaar is a unique experience. Apart from this there is the immaculate greenery of Rajghat. The India Gate, Rashtrapati Bhavan, the Lotus Temple and the Qutab Minar are major tourist attraction of delhi.
India known for its culture and heritage, in India every place has its own quality and culture. The cultural heritage of India has its unique quality due to different culture i.e. musical heritage, heritage in sculpturing, dances heritage, and other fine arts, festival celebrations, languages spoken, traditional beliefs and customs, food and many more like these. Ayurveda India - Traditional treatments for health and medicines of India have their roots in the ancient world.
In India the unity of different cultures represented by the
people of the India a wide range of religions, culture, customs and languages.
Indian culture attract peoples through their mysterious way of the life,
their customs and the indivisible culture of India cannot be written in
words but can surely be enjoyed with personal experience.
If you are planning for a cultural holiday in India, the total idea to explore the heritage and culture in India will be an brilliant option. Every cultural heritage describe its own the number of years that have gone into beautifying each aspect of culture. The Cultural holidays in India are an effort to bring out the best possible flavors of the land and offer them to the tourists in a package.
The other form of India in culture is the Indian art and crafts. Indian culture has enjoyed an international standing for the brass and other metal work. The technology of metal working had been deep-rooted in the Indian Culture by 2500 B.C.
You can still found and feel the images of the art in temples of India. There are several methods of using metal and the different metals being used for these products like gold, silver, copper, brass, bronze, and other mixed metals and alloys etc.
The world-famous dancing figure of Nataraja, piece of art characterize the achievement of art in the Indian Culture.
Taj Mahal is a main tourist attraction of India and is one of the seven wonders of the world.
Taj mahal Agra is one of the great architecture of world; the poem in pure white marble, elegy of love, Taj Mahal, if viewed on a full moon night leaves a mark in the memory. Masterpiece in red stone the Red Fort Agra is also a remarkable fort of its kind. The tomb of Itmad-ud-Daula is another tourist spot to be visited by the tourists for its design and architecture.
Rajasthan- The land of the Raja,
Maharajas and kings,
Rajasthan, promises to be an experience of a lifetime with its royal treatment to tourists, wealth of culture and traditions.
South India culture in each city is associated with a specialty in south India. Mahabalipuram is famous for its rock-cut monuments, temples, structures in a single stone and bas-reliefs besides its beaches. The Kamakshi Amman temple and the Varadaraja Perumal temples in Kanchipuram are the must a visit tourist attraction for the travelers to India travel for the cultural destinations. The beauty and elegance of the silk saris are easily available. For gifting purposes to your family and friends, don’t forget to pick up the Kanjivaram saris.
Travel in India is an experience of a unique culture of India. India travel is a amazing destination for all the tourists who are planning for travel to India. Wide range of cultural in India will have you going through a range of emotions through India travel and tour! India travel is one of the most insightful experiences for all the travelers around the world. It is a fascinating experience formed for the tourists who exlore India. India is considered as an easygoing country for leisure travel. Breathtaking locales of India, unbelievable architecture in India, beautiful beaches of India, endless dessert of India, exciting mountain range of India, unusual wildlife in India, magnificent beauty of the Himalayas, and endless sociability and hospitality make your travel to India more remember able.
India travel is like a tour of cultural heritage remarkable
tourist attractions. The Indian sub-continent can be picturised as a rough
triangle, with Himalayan mountain chain. Tibet influenced region of Leh
and Ladakh and the amazingly beautiful mountainous areas of Himachal Pradesh,
Darjeeling, Garhwal, and Sikkim. Colorful and fairly rich Punjab in the
North West, past the capital city of Delhi, and important tourist attractions
like Agra (with the Taj Mahal), Varanasi, Khajuraho, and the holy Ganges
river, to the Northern end of the Bay of Bengal, where you will find the
teeming city of Kolkata (Calcutta), the historic city of india!
Below this lies the south of India, It is a place of pure Hindu tradition and was slightest influenced by the Mughal culture. Hinduism and countless temples are dotting the landscape of south India and you can enjoy the Indian Ocean through the touching of beaches of south India.
India; The peninsular country extends between 8° 4 ' N and 37° 6' North Latitude and 68° 7 ' and 97° 25 ' East Longitudes, in South Asia. With an area of 3.28 million sq kilometers, India is the seventh largest country in the world. It is also called Bharat in Hindi and Hindustan in Urdu. The frontier of the country is 15, 201 km and the total length of the coastline is 7, 416 kilometers.
india Political map have all Indian geographical information, state boundaries and their location in India political map. India is one of the 10 largest and most populous countries in the world, Delhi is the capital of India. Political map India describes all political devided states of India with their exact locations.
Official Political Map India (Copyright©2005 NIC govt. of Idnia)
India has devided in 29 States and 7 union terretories of India. According to location India can be describe through directions. North India, East India, South India and west India.
North West India:
Regions wise north western region share boundaries with Himalayas ranges, the icy Ladakh and the beautiful Jammu and Kashmir. The state Himachal Pradesh serve with its beautiful hill stations and Punjab and Haryana states add wealth by agricultural production which make pride to India.
Chandigarh, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir and Punjab
Northern India have Delhi the capital of India, it has been a center of political power of India for centuries. Delhi has historical memories through monuments and other historical places. Delhi known as main commercial center for north India and also known for its political values. Uttarpradesh is also known for agricultural state and it has the largest population in India. Ganga is the major river flows through the Uttrakhand - Uttarpradesh - Bengal and Bihar. Delhi, Uttarakhand, Uttarpradesh.
Western regions of India have Gujarat and Maharashtra the most commercialised states of India. Rajasthan has become biggest state with largest area and rich by mineral resources and known for its tourism values. Portuguese culture can be seen at the western political region of India.
Daman and Diu, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan.
Central India have Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh the heart of India, have wildlife centuries and forest. Madhyapradesh, Chhattisgarh.
South India with highest rate of literacy in India, cultural rich, Hyderabad and Bangalore are well known as high-tech city of south India. Karnataka and Kerala are known for their spices cultivation, tea and coffee plantation. Bay of Bengal, Indian ocean and Arabian sea take the pleasure by touching the boundaries of South Indian regions and enjoy the moments.
Andhrapradesh, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Puducherry and Tamilnadu.
Eastern India has variety of political information, it has oldest universities at Nalanda Bihar, Jharkhand rich in minerals, Orissa has temples and beaches. West Bengal has Darjeeling tea gardens, Himalayas in the north and Bay of Bengal in the south. Kolkata the capital of West Bengal has been well known since British period.
Bihar, Jharkhand, Orissa, Sikkim, West Bengal.
North East India:
Seven sisters the name come and tell us about north eastern states. Covered with Himalayas ranges on top, rich with several tribal cultures, bamboo crafts and wildlife and national parks the home for tigers and rhinasourus. Assam is the largest states have brahmputra river. The Cherapunji known for highest rainfall.
Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura
Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Lakshadweep in the Bay of Bengal make their presence by several tribal species and coral islands, and are well known for its unspoilt beaches attract thousands of tourists every year.
Andaman and Nicobar Island, Lakshadweep
Facts and Figures:
Capital: New Delhi
Total Area: 3287590 sq km
Union Territories: 7
Largest State: Rajasthan (Largest area)
Smallest State: Goa (area)
Highest Populous State: Uttar Pradesh
Lowest Populous State: Sikkim
Lowest Literacy rate:
Most speak-able language:
Biggest Religion: Hindu
Largest State (Agriculture)
Largest Wildlife and National Park:
Highest Mountain: Averest
Famous tourist destinations: Refer to India Travel Map
Political map of
Political maps of India ! Political map of Delhi, political map of rajasthan, travel map of goa, political map of himachal pradesh, political map of Jammu and kashmir, political map of Punjab, political map of haryana, political map of uttarpradesh, political map of gujarat, political map of bihar, political map of madhya pradesh, political map of Maharashtra, travel map of Mumbai, political map of orissa, political map of Andhra pradesh, political map of karnataka, political map of bangalore, political map of kerala, political map of pondichery, political map of west bengal, political map of nort India. political map of Mizoram, political map of assam, political map of Tripura, political map of manipur, political map of Nagaland, political map ofSikkim,political map of arunanchal pradesh.
India known for its rich cultural heritage , Indian traditions, colours and contrast. It has 28 states and seven union territories and a parliamentary form of government. India officially known as the Republic of India. Population: The second most populated country in the world, It has plus 100 crors of populations. Economy: After independence in 1947 till now It has strong and the fastest growing economies of the world. Agriculture: Agricultural production has become sufficient itself, and in the position of export of so many agricultural products.Area: Spread in an area of 3.28 million sq km. It has several historic and modren travel destinations. The most interested tourist places of India including Taj Mahal Agra one of the 7 wonders of the World, Kerala backwaters , Rajasthan deserts, Goa beaches , Bangalore hi-tech city , North East India, Himalayas and many more.
mapsnworld.com is an Indian Travel website provide information on tourist places in India, states of India, India travel destinations, Luxury India, Hotels of India, wildlife India, beaches India, safari, desert and India travel news.
Places of India - Every state of India has a unique identity,
some of the tourist places of India are like heaven on earth. To assist
you for the best tourism in India we provide important information
about India tourist destinations and Hotels of India. mapsnworld.com
provide you travel maps of India to make your journey more comfortable
Whether its is desert, mountains, greenery, beaches, wildlife or the historical legacy, adventure, leisure in India; you get everything at these India travel destinations. The extraordinary tourist places being Agra the seventh wonder of the world Taj Mahal many other historic places. India is a dream place in which every traveler enjoy his holidays with India’s endless tourist attractions. To explore India is to discover colours of life, that makes up for a perfect travel package.
Some of the most visiting tourist places of India are:
India Wildlife Destinations
Bandhavgarh National Park
Kaziranga National Park
Kanha National Park
Sariska Tiger Reserve
Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary
Ranthambore Tiger Reserve
Hill Stations in India
Heritage in India
Fort and palaces in Rajasthan
Tourist Places in Gwalior
Tourist Places in Hampi
Tourist Places in Gurgaon
Tourist Places in Ahmedabad
Tourist Places in Aurangabad
Tourist Places in Allahabad
Tourist Places in Bhopal
Tourist Places in Chennai (Madras)
Tourist Places in Coonoor
Tourist Places in Daman-Diu
Tourist Places in Kodaikanal
Tourist Places in Kozhikode (Calicut)
Tourist Places in Mahabalipuram
Tourist Places in Kumarakom
Tourist Places in Jodhpur
Tourist Places in Udaipur
Tourist Places in Ajmer
Tourist Places in Ranakpur
Tourist Places in Samode
Tourist Places in Jaisalmer
Tourist Places in Neemrana
Tourist Places in Sunderbans
Tourist Places in Bikaner
Tourist Places in Kasauli
Tourist Places in Lucknow
Tourist Places in Mangalore
Tourist Places in Mysore
Tourist Places in Patna
Tourist Places in Puttaparthi
Tourist Places in Varanasi
Tourist Places in Amritsar
Tourist Places in Chandigarh
Tourist Places in Coimbatore
Tourist Places in Coorg
Tourist Places in Gangtok
Tourist Places in Guwahati
Tourist Places in Indore
Tourist Places in Kanyakumari
Tourist Places in Khajjiar
Tourist Places in Kovalam
Tourist Places in Kochi (Cochin)
Tourist Places in Kushinagar
Tourist Places in Ludhiana
Tourist Places in Mandawa
Tourist Places in Madurai
Tourist Places in Tirupati
Tourist Places in Varkala
Tourist Places in Panjim (Panaji)
Tourist Places in Rajkot
Tourist Places in Sasangir
Tourist Places in Shekhawati
Tourist Places in Puri
Tourist Places in Pondicherry
Tourist Places in Agra
Tourist Places in Amritsar
Tourist Places in Goa
Tourist Places in Kerala
Tourist Places in Rajasthan
Tourist Places in Mumbai
Tourist Places in New Delhi
Tourist Places in Bangalore
Tourist Places in Chennai-Madras
Tourist Places in Hyderabad
Tourist Places in Karnataka
Tourist Places in Kolkata-Calcutta
Tourist Places in Pushkar
Tourist Places in Andaman and Nicobar
Tourist Places in Jaipur
Tourist Places in Kashmir
Tourist Places in Leh & Ladakh
Tourist Places in Lakshadweep
Tourist Places in Himachal Pradesh
Tourist Places in Uttaranchal
Tourist Places in Bangalore
Tourist Places in Hyderabad
Tourist Places in Gujarat
Tourist Places in Pune
More than 500 years from now in the 4th millennium BC, some people from the foothills of baluchistan, started moving into the river valley of Indus and Saraswati. One group reached the costal region and setteled down at sites like Balakot, and one group reached the Punjab and North west rajasthan and setteled down in cities like Harappa and Kuchanwala. Slowly and gradually these people evolved a civilization called Harappan Civilisation (Civilization); the Indus Civilisation (Civilization); the Indus Valley Civilisation (Civilization) and the Indus Saraswati Civilisation (Civilization)., Which was contemporary Egyptian and Mesopotamia civilization but the different from both of them.
Archaeologies have so far located around 1400 sites of this civilization in India and Pakistan together. Of these around two dozen very important sites have been excavated. Harappa on the river Ravi was excavated by Daya Ram Sahni, MS, Sir Wheeler, and Richard Meadow and J Kenoyer. This is all started from 1921 – 1922 first Harappa was dug, then a year later Mohanjodaro.
After the partition of India 1n 1947, Indian scholars worked hard and excavated several important sites in India such as Lothal by SR Rao, Kalibangan by BB Lal and BK Thapar, Banawal and Dholavira by RS Bisht. The dried-up course of the Vedic and Saraswati was explained A Ghosh and MR Mughal both in India nad Pakistan yielding the evidence of more than 500 sites, explorations in the Indus Valley however located nearly around 150 sites. It is now clear that the Harappan Civilization was the gift of two rivers, the Indus and the Saraswati, however the harappan sites are also located beyond the basins of Gajner, Sindh part of Baluchi hills and western Uttar Pradesh. It has an area around 1600 km from the north to south and around the same area from the east to the west which is more than twice the combined territories covered by the Mesopotamia and Egyptian civilizations.
The Harappan Civilisation is divided briefly in three phases; the Early Phase 3500 BC – 2600 BC the Medium Phase 2600 BC – 2000 BC and the Late Phase 2000 BC – 1500 BC
The harappan Civilisation grew in India step by step in time and space from the village stage to the township stage and finally to the city stage. After 2000 BC declined and in By 1500 BC cities were replaced by villages.
Area of upper town meant for high class and the other, the lower town meant for the common men. Within the ‘Lower Town’ there were many sectors for specialized crafts, for shops and bazaars for social gatherings etc. The ‘citadel’ is usually marked by a series of platforms, with fire altars at Kalibangan, the great Bath at Mohenjodaro, ‘Warehouse’ at Lothal and Granaries at Harappa and Mohehjodaro; and public bui;ldings such as the Pillared Halls at Mohenjodaro and Dholavira, rungashala or stadium at Dholavira, and special purpose structures, such as the ‘Dockyard’ at Lothal.
The harappan cities are known for the near roads and lanes, usually crossing each other at right angles, creating on chessboard pattern blocks of houses, some with open courtyard, furnished toilets, kitchens, living rooms, and a few with stairecase leading to roof terrace or upper storey. Mostly the Harappan settlements are secured by defensive walls with salient and gateways.
The Harrapan culture was a Bronze Age culture, yielding all type of artifacts of copper and bronze, ornaments and jewellery of gold, silver and semi-precious stones, seal and sealings of steatite and other materials depecting bulls, elephants, unicorns, tigers, crocodiles, and several other animals besides narrative scenes on various themes, including hunting, worshipping and unknown mythologies. Seals with deities wearing horned tiaras and sitting in yogic posture, men in formal dresses with peaked caps, papal leaves, swastika, cross, ets appear to reflect legends and belief systems the details of which are not known to us since although most of them bear short inscriptions in a well established script, still the script, written from the left to right, has as yet not been deciphered to the satisfaction of the scholarly world.
The art of the Harrappans is manifested in a variety of ways, besides the intaglio and glyptic art of the seals, For example, the bronze which include the famous ‘Dancing Girl’ and sensitively modeled Buffalo from Mohenjodaro, red stone male torso and black stone dancer from Harappa. The so-called ‘Priest’ and Male Head from mohenjodaro, and a number of ivory, shell and faience figurines of men and animals from various sites terracotta Mother Goddess and bulls from Chanhudaro, Mohenjodaro, Harappa and Kalibangan, To these may be added a sculpture of a mongoose or monitor lizard and a large through mutilated stone icon of a nude male diety from Dholavira, Kalibangan has yielded a terracotta modal of Shiva-linga in yoni-pitba.
The Harappan are also known for their long-distance trade with the cities of Mesopotamia, Failaka, Behrain, Oman ets. Through the Persian Gulf. The overland trade-routes. Passing through Afghanistan and Turkmenistan, also connected the Harappan cities with the cities of other contemporary civilizations.
In recent years, the excavations at Dholavira have yielded the evidence of a unique system of water management in an extremely dry region of Rann of Kachchh-cutting down bedrock to create huge tanks with steps. At Kalibangan there are the remains of a plaughed field, so far the oldest known example of its kind, where two crops were grown together. The dockyard of Lothal, so far the world’s earliest known dock, exported various items to West Asia.
The Harappan people disposed of their dead by burying them in pits and pots as well as cremated them. There is the evidence of fire-worship at lothal, Banawali, Kalibangan, ets. There is also the evidence of an oval mud-brick structure with fire-altars at Banawali. Surkotada has yielded the bones of true domesticated horse (Equus Labalus Linn)
Only a few years back gold and silver jewellery, including a tiara and as armlet, was discovered at Kunal, a small Early Harappan site in district Hissar, Haryana. However, the bulk of the excavated material at the Harappan sites is always the beautifully decorated pottery with black paintings over bright red background. The motifs include geometric designs as well as fauna and flora. Further, several boards of exquisite finds of the Harappan lineage have been found at quite a few sites of late Harrapan phase. Four exquisite bronzes, comprising a bull drawn chariot with its driver, a rhinoceros, an elephant and a buffalo, were found at Daimabad, district Ahmednagar, Maharashtra. Jewellery and other objects have come from Nagwada, district Surendranagar, Gujarat. And now a very large hoard of jewellery of gold, silver and semi precious stones with two copper container has come to light at Mandi in district Muzaffar Nagar – western UP
Lothal (Distt. Ahmedabad, Gujaratt):
Mud brick house, mud bricks platform, mud brick fortification
The settlement was rectangular of plan and consisted of two parts, the citadel and the lower town, The former on the south-western part, was distinguished by its eminence since it was built upon mud-brick platform. Of the structures exposed within the citadel, the warehouse, built on high podium with blocks of mud-bricks, is unique, Baked and twisted clay sealing of normal Harappan type, presumably fallen from the burnt stored bales of goods, had been recovered from the air ducts between the blocks. The lowers town contained, apart from the residential sector, the market as also the industrial area. The most individualistic structure was an along dock (214 X 36 m) with necessary gap for a sluice gate, inlet, etc. The find of a circular seal of Persian Gulf type, picked op from the surface, perhaps pints to the existence of maritime trade with West Asia. The other finds include a number of seals, chart blades and fish-hooks of copper and bronze.
Dholavira (Distt. Kachchh, Gujarat): Dholavira has emerged as one amongst the five great urban center of the Harappan Civlisation. The excavation have indicated that there lies buried spectacular remains of a Harappan city which is highlighted by its enormous proportions, its intricate planning delineated by an elaborate fortification system, perfect architecture, fine water management system and huge cultural accumulation. It has also provided ample indication that the Harappan Civilization had not only lived its full life at Dholavira but was also preceded by formative stages and followed by impoverished successors. Besides, the site will always be remembered for yielding a signboard inscription consisting of ten large Harappan characters, a unique discovery indeed.
The city of Dholavira was in the form of a parallelogram guarded by a fortification. The area measuring 771 meters in length and 616.80 meters in which enclosed several principal divisions, i.e. the citadel, the middle town, the lower town, the ceremonial ground and a series of water reservations all-round the city. The citadel stood majestically on the south, consisting of two fortified divisions, the castle, in the east and bailey, in the west. The middle town, also fortified, lied to the north and is separated from the citadel by a long and wide ceremonial ground. The lower town was laid out within the general fortification to the east of the middle town. In the citadel area, a network of drains, both small and the large was discovered
In India, there are many physical attributes such as lofty mountains, deep valleys, extensive plains, and a number of islands. From the foothills of the Himalayas to the backwaters of Kerala, from the picturesque sceneries of north-eastern hill side...to the deserts of Rajasthan, the country is a wonderland. This nation houses some 1.8 billion people of different kinds and sorts. The people in India belong to many different religions, cultures, beliefs and ethnic backgrounds. So are the languages in the country with different dialects unique to a specific regional domain which could be as small as a village. One can find many combinations of these to create an identity of its own. So, on one hand if you see a Tamil speaking Christian, one might spot one Bengali who speaks English and observes Marwari culture and traditions, on the other hand. It seems like many colors have come together, each with its own set of shades and tones, vibrating together, to create a design holding a divine beauty.
India fascinates with its diversity.
Indian architecture has been inspired from various facets of human life. It has come a long way since its inception and transcends all geographical barriers, cultures and religions. The rich architectural beauty of India lies in its unique characteristics which have been shaped either from caves or rocks. The Indus Valley Civilization formed the basis of ancient architecture and structures. Excavations carried out in ancient cities of Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa has shown that despite the absence of technology, the inhabitants planned out a community with simple tools and raw materials. Some of the greatest features of their planning are the houses, drainage system and the Great Bath. The houses were rectangular or square shaped and consisted of several rooms around a central courtyard. The entrance was small with no windows on the main floor in order to avoid heat and ensure privacy. The drainage systems of the houses were connected to the main sewer in the street which was covered with bricks and stones. With the decline of the Indus Valley Civilization, the Aryan invaders settled further into the Gangetic plain by clearing the forests and green cover. They formed villages with simple, thatched roof huts of bamboos, wood and other forest materials. Another key feature was the fencing of the huts in order to protect themselves from wild animals. The Vedic Age gave rise to other offshoots of Hindu religion like Buddhism and later Jainism. The Stupas, pillars, cave and rock-cut temples were the highlighht during the Mauryan period. These same structures are famous for the inscriptions and symbols carved on it. Eventually different forms of Stupas came into being and the carvings on temples, pillars became more intricate. Temples down south consisted of altars and pillared halls carved out of rocks. Later with improvisation in the building techniques, structural temples with elaborate decorations and carvings came into existence. With the coming of Mughal era, there was an exchange in the architectural style. There were several forms of monuments, mosques and forts built during their time which gained worldwide popularity. The exquisite stone work, huge domes and the grandeur are prominent in all these structures. Another key feature of these monuments was the sprawling lawn which surrounded them. Taj Mahal, Fatehpur Sikri, Humayun’s Tomb, Old Fort etc. are examples of the excellent skills possessed by the workers during that time. When India came under colonial British rule a little could be anticipated about the influence it would make on the country’s architectural trends. Initially trading centers were established in Calcutta, Bombay and Madras. The administrative units like Government Houses and Town Halls came later. Fort William and the Madras Government Hall were built keeping the European counterparts in mind. With the spread of Christianity, it introduced Churches as the centre of worship for Christians. The structure resembled greatly to the Greco-Roman school of architecture. The military barracks and cantonments were given shape during this period. As India inched towards freedom andindependence, the architectural history of the country remained with it.The central administrative unit, which was decided to be based in Delhi,gave unique characteristics. Rajpath, India Gate, Rashtrapati Bhawan etc.are the highlights of architectural beauty during Independence. One can’tdeny that several factors have played crucial roles in shaping Indianarchitecture that we see today. Each culture, religion, custom and aestheticsensibility has influenced and given rise to this vast, rich heritagethat we possess. This same heritage needs to be preserved and cherishedfor the years to come.
States of India
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