Uruguay Located in southern South America, Uruguay is a liberal society and known for its advanced education, social security systems and liberal labour laws. The capital city Montevideo, home to half of the country’s populace, was founded by the Spanish in 1726 as a military establishment. Due to the proximity of the natural harbour, the place soon emerged as an important commercial center. Conquered by Brazil in 1821, the country became independent in 1828 after a three-year freedom struggle.
Marxist Tupamaro guerrillas movement waged in the 1960s culminated in the establishment of the military rule that lasted between 1973 and 1985, the period witnessing repressive policies. The year 1985 witnessed the return of Civilian rule.
The left-of-center Frente Amplio (Broad Front) won Presidential and parliamentary elections held in 2004 that effectively ended 170 years of political control previously held by the two traditional parties: Colorado and Blanco parties. Tabare Vazquez became president in 2005 and will continue to rule till 2010.
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