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South America / Argentina

Argentina Argentina

A South America country, Argentina is situated between the Andes in the west and the southern Atlantic Ocean in the east and south. This second largest country of South America is bordered by Chile to the west, the Atlantic Ocean to the east and Uruguay, Bolivia, Paraguay and Brazil to the north and northeast. Deriving its name from the Latin argentum meaning silver, Argentina is divided into four main geographical areas: the Andes, the Pampas, the North and Mesopotamia, and Patagonia.
The year 1816 witnessed the independence of the United Provinces of the Rio Plata from Spain. Consequently Bolivia, Uruguay and Paraguay became separate entities while the area that remained came to be known as Argentina.
Till the middle of the 20th century, much of Argentina's history was dominated by tumults of internal political strife between conservatives and liberals and between civilian and military rule.

The Second World War witnessed the rise of Lieutenant General Peron Sosa as President of Argentina who initiated the Peronista movement involving extreme nationalism and social improvement. Though he was re-elected as President in 1973, he died one year later and was followed by his wife Isabelita Peron. But her rule came to an end in a military coup in 1976.

Democracy returned to Argentina in 1983, and has continued to be the political system despite many obstacles. The country has withstood the formidable challenge of a severe economic crisis in 2001-02 that saw violent public unrest and demonstrations. Since 2003, the country has been successful in maintaining rapid economic recovery.

A land of paradoxes, Argentina boasts a culture that has been heavily influenced by immigrants from throughout Europe. Italian and Spaniards constitute the bulk of population. The culture of the country is as varied as its geography. One reason can be hot while other cold in the same season. However one common thread that binds the nation is football, the national obsession.

Travel overview
Argentina is a country of mind-blowing natural beauty and proportions. Its varied topography spans the most incredible terrain from Antarctica, through the wild mountains of Patagonia and large open plains of La Pampas to tropical jungles and the deserts in the north.
The capital of Argentina is Buenos Aires. Home to 40 per cent of the country’s population, the city has quaint cobbled streets. Visit the sidewalk restaurants and cafés which are abundant in the capital. Rio de la Plata, situated in the east of the country is arguably the most European city in South America. The Pamaps region starts behind Buenos Aires. You can visit the towns dating back to colonial era. Offering wonderful outdoor opportunities, the Andes mountain ranges are worth a visit for the adventure enthusiasts. The area around Ushuaia, southern most city of the country, attracts the lovers of nature and wildlife.
One of the popular travel destinations in South America, Argentina is home to a wide range of tourist attractions that include Cerro Aconcagua, the highest mountain in South America at 6,960 m. Situated on the Valdes Peninsula at 40 m below sea level, Salinas Chicas is the lowest point on the continent.
You can also sunbathe at Mar del Plata’s beaches and visit the Iguazu Waterfall and the Perito Moreno Glacier. Other attractions include the Patagonian desert, the Puente del Inca stone bridge and the southern island of Tierra del Fuego.
Capital: Buenos Aires
Location: Southern South America, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Chile and Uruguay
Climate: temperate; arid, subantarctic
Total Area: 2,766,890 sq km
Total Population: 40,301,927
Population Growth Rate: 0.938%
Sex Ratio: 0.974 male(s)/female
Literacy: 97.1%
Ethnic Groups: white (mostly Spanish and Italian) , mestizo Amerindian,
Irrigated land: 15,500 sq km
Languages: Spanish, English, Italian, German, French
Time Zone: UTC-3
Currency: Argentine peso
Neighbouring countries: Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay
Type of govt.: republic
Head of Govt.: President Nestor Kirchner
Major Political Parties: Affirmation for an Egalitarian Republic or ARI, Front for Victory or FV, Interbloque Federal or IF, Justicialist Front or FJ, Justicialist Party or PJ, Radical Civic Union or UCR, Republican Proposal or PRO, Commitment for Change or CPC, Socialist Party or PS, Union For All
Participation in International Organizations: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
Marine Life Conservation
Major Agricultural Products: sunflower seeds, lemons, soybeans, grapes, corn, tobacco, peanuts, tea, wheat; livestock
Natural Resources & Minerals: fertile plains of the pampas, lead, zinc, tin, copper, iron ore, manganese, petroleum, uranium

Industry & Transport: food processing, motor vehicles, consumer durables, textiles, chemicals and petrochemicals, printing, metallurgy, steel

Airports: 1,381
Railways: 31,902 km
229,144 km
Waterways: 11,000 km
Major Trade Partners: Brazil, US, Chile, China, Germany
Exports: $46 billion
Imports: $31.69 billion


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Political map of Argentina

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