Bolivia, one of South America’s two landlocked countries (the other being Paraguay), is named after Simon Bolivar, who led the country to independence from Spanish rule in 1825. Known as 'Upper Peru' in the colonial era, the country has witnessed some 200 coups and countercoups by caudillos (military dictators) since its independence. Military dictatorship gave way to democratic civilian rule in 1982. Movement Toward Socialism leader Evo Morales became president of the country after winning a landside victory in 2005.
Also sometimes referred to as the 'Tibet of the Americas', Bolivia is known for its unique attractions that entice the tourists to the country. The cities of La Paz and Sucre are charming. The island of Isola del Sol, the pleasant climate of Cochabamba, the site of Tihuanaco and the scenic beauty of Parque Nacional Madidi, make Bolivia a place worth visiting.
Capital: La Paz
Participation in International Organizations: CAN, CSN, FAO, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITU, LAES, LAIA, Mercosur (associate), MIGA, MINUSTAH, MONUC, NAM, OAS, OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, RG, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMIL, UNMIS, UNMISET, UNOCI, UNWTO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Major Agricultural Products: soybeans, coffee, coca, cotton, corn, sugarcane, rice, potatoes; timber
Natural Resources & Minerals: tin, natural gas, petroleum, zinc, tungsten, antimony, silver, iron, lead, gold, timber, hydropower
Industry & Transport: mining, smelting, petroleum, food and beverages,
tobacco, handicrafts, clothing