Bosnia - Herzegovina
Its history and culture inextricably linked with Romania, Moldova
was annexed by the USSR in 1940 following the division of Romania
between Hitler's Germany and Stalin's USSR.
The country became an independent republic after the disintegration
of Soviet Union. However the territory east of the Dniester River
has considerable presence of Russian troops to support the Slavic
majority population, mostly Ukrainians and Russians.
The poorest nation in Europe, Moldova became the first former Soviet
state to elect a Communist as its president in 2001.
Sandwiched between Romania and Ukraine, Moldova is the poorest nation
in Europe. It is also the first former state of USSR to elect a Communist
as its president in 2001.
Though a poor nation, Moldova more than lives up to its image of a
picturesque country and makes for a relaxed, informal and incredibly
friendly place to visit.
The country is a glorious mix of wine and natural splendour. Cricova
is the famous wine region of the country. It has some of the finest
and rarest wine in the world, particularly considering its low price.
The Lower Dniestr National Park is home to some wonderful archaeological
sites. The Orheiul Vechi Monastery complex is well worth visit. Overlooks
the Raut River, the 13th century Cave Monastery has been carved into
a gigantic limestone cliff and attracts tourists in good number.
Location: Eastern Europe, northeast of Romania
Climate: moderate winters, warm summers
Total Area: 33,843 sq km
Total Population: 4,320,490
Population Growth Rate: -0.11%
Sex Ratio: 0.912 male(s)/female
Ethnic Groups: Moldovan/Romanian, Ukrainian, Russian, Gagauz, Bulgarian
Irrigated land: 3,000 sq km
Languages: Moldovan, Russian, Gagauz
Time Zone: UTC+2
Currency: Moldovan leu
Neighbouring countries: Romania 450 km, Ukraine 939 km
Type of govt.: republic
Head of Govt.: Prime Minister Vasile Tarlev
Major Political Parties: Christian Democratic People's Party or PPCD,
Communist Party of the Republic of Moldova or PCRM , Democratic Party
or PD, National Liberal Party or NLP, Our Moldova Alliance or AMN,
Party for Social Democracy or PSD, Social Liberal Party or PSL
Participation in International Organizations: ACCT, BSEC, CIS, EAEC,
EAPC, CE, CEI, EBRD, FAO, IBRD, ICAO, GCTU, GUAM, IAEA, IDA, IFAD,
IMF, IMO, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, Interpol, IOC, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, IOM, IPU,
ISO, OIF, OPCW, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, OSCE, PFP, SECI, UN, UNMIL,
UNMIS, WCO, WHO, WIPO, UNOCI, UNWTO, UPU, WMO, WTO
Major Agricultural Products: vegetables, sugar beets, fruits, wine,
grain, sunflower seed, tobacco, milk, beef
Natural Resources & Minerals: gypsum, arable land, lignite, phosphorites,
Industry & Transport: sugar, agricultural machinery, vegetable
oil, food processing, foundry equipment, refrigerators and freezers,
hosiery, shoes, washing machines, textiles
Railways: 1,138 km
Roadways: 12,733 km
Waterways: 424 km
Major Trade Partners: Russia, Italy, Romania, Ukraine, Belarus, Germany,
Exports: $1.02 billion
Imports: $2.65 billion