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Capital of Algeris is Algiers

Algeria | Flag of Algeria | Political map of Algeria | Where is Ageria?

Flag Algeria

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Situated in the Northwest African region with Algiers as the capital, Algeria is a huge country in terms of area and is bordered by Morocco, Western Sahara, Tunisia and Libya. In fact, Algeria is one of the largest countries as per land area in the entire Africa, the Arab World and the Maghreb region. Algeria got its independence in 1962 after fighting for long with its French rulers and the existence of colonial past is still visible in the life and architecture of the country. 

The civil war that broke in the early 1990s seriously injured the tourism industry of Algeria. However, the country is recuperating and is encouraging more and more tourist activities with the help of various government efforts. Traveling to Algeria might have some risk involved due to political instability, which one should be aware of. Nevertheless, an opportunity to see this beautiful and vast country is always inspiring.

Political Overview

Algeria or the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria is a republic country having multi – party system with president as the head of the state. Algeria functions in a bicameral parliament with lower and upper chamber. The country is segmented into 48 different wilayat or states and each wilaya is further subdivided into communes.

Algeria went through hard time during 1990s when the country faced severe political turmoil. The Algerian government is still recovering from the loss that the country faced during that time and is also addressing the related issues.

Recently, the government in Algeria has supported free competition in trade and commerce as well as giving emphasis on participatory democracy to promote the concept of political institutions in the country.

Geographical Overview

Algeria is a country in the Northern African region with the Mediterranean Sea bordering it. The geographic coordinates of the country is between latitudes 19° and 37°N and longitudes 9°W and 12°E. Algeria is a high plateau region located at a height of over 3,000 ft. above sea level. Most part of the coastal area of Algeria is hilly and mountainous and the Sahara desert covers over ninety percent of its surface.

Tourism in Algeria

Despite the gloomy face of tourism in Algeria in the 90s, things are really changing for better and the tourism industry is coming back in shape and taking a turn.  Being a large country, Algeria has much to offer. Especially the beaches and the coastal areas of Algeria are the most attractive destinations in the country. So, along with the capital Algiers, tourists prefer the various seaside destinations like Annaba, Oran and the Turquoise Coast. Algiers, being the capital has many appealing sights including the Notre Dame d'Afrique basilica, the Ben Aknoun Zoo and the Jardin d'Essai du Hamma botanical gardens. Tipaza is another unmissable destination in Algeria with attractions in the form of prehistoric cave paintings at the Tassili n'Ajjer mountain range.
Other remarkable tourist attractions include:
Djemila - one of the old cities with enough Roman history.
Timgad – where you can see magnificent visual sense of Romans while town planning.
Tlemcen – see the grand Mosque and Tomb of Sidi Boumediene
M’Zab Valley – Fascinating destination
Timimoun - beautiful oasis town

Along with the above, Beni Abbès, El-Oued, Constantine, Tassili N’Ajjer National Park, Tipaza, Assekrem, Tassili du Hoggar are other top-rated destinations in Algeria.

Culture and people

The population of Algeria mainly comprises of Muslims including Arab and Berber Muslims, whereas the number of non-Muslims is very less. Amongst the non-Muslim, mainly consists of Methodist, Evangelical faiths, Roman Catholics and Jews. In fact, Sunni Muslim comprises of 99% of the country’s population whereas Christian and Jewish comprise of mere 1%.

The languages spoken in Algeria include Arabic, which is the official language, French (lingua franca), Tamazight (Kabylie), and other Berber dialects.

The country is working hard to develop the educational system and offers free and compulsory education to all children till the age of 16.

Trade and commerce

The financial system of Algeria was mostly based on the country’s post-independent model of development. However, over the years, the Algerian government has undertaken many changes in its economy. The lifting of the state of emergency in 2011, which was in effect since 1992, has intensified many political and economic reforms. A number of new legislation was passed to deal with politics, economy, women empowerment and so on. 

As far as Algerian exports are concerned, Petroleum and natural gas are counted amongst the most significant ones. The development of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) has been given much importance. In addition, improving business climate of the country as well as lessening the disparity amongst the various regions has been an important issue for the government.

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