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Capital - Ottawa

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The second largest country in terms of area, Canada acquired the status of a self-governing dominion in 1867. Equally prosperous economically and technologically as its southern neighbour the US, the country is a multicultural society. Retaining its ties to the British crown, the country is a parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy.

Sharing its land border with the US, Canada stands out as a federation of ten provinces with three territories. Thanks to the colonial past of Canada it is natural that the influence of British and French cultures and traditions on the country’s cuisine, culture and customs is immense. However, American and other cultures are also making their presence felt owing to the proximity and the migration of people.

Travel overview
The attractions of Canada are as vast as the country itself. A land of mind blowing scenic beauty, the northernmost country on the mainland of America is home to world renowned cosmopolitan cities including Ottawa, Montreal, Toronto and Vancouver, snow capped peaks, long coastlines.

Tourists can trek through the Rocky Mountains are ideal for trekking. For wildlife enthusiasts Canada is a paradise. The country boasts 41 large National parks, Wood Buffalo National Park in Alberta being larger than the area of Switzerland. A unique feature of the national parks of Canada is that they have cities and towns within themselves facilitating the explorations of the parks. Last but not the least the imposing Niagara Falls is a must see.

Capital: Ottawa
Location: Northern North America
Climate: temperate, subarctic and arctic
Total Area: 9,984,670 sq km
Total Population: 33,390,141
Population Growth Rate: 0.869%
Sex Ratio: 0.977 male(s)/female
Literacy: 99%
Ethnic Groups: British Isles, French origin, other European, Amerindian, Asian, African, Arab, mixed background Irrigated land: 7,850 sq km
Languages: English (official), French other 17.5%

Time Zone: UTC-5
Currency: Canadian dollar

Type of govt.: constitutional monarchy that is also a parliamentary democracy and a federation
Head of Govt.: Prime Minister Stephen HARPER
Major Political Parties: Bloc Quebecois, Conservative Party of Canada, Green Party, Liberal Party ,New Democratic Party
Participation in International Organizations: ACCT, AfDB, APEC, Arctic Council, ARF, AsDB, ASEAN (dialogue partner), Australia Group, BIS, C, CDB, CE (observer), EAPC, EBRD, ESA (cooperating state), FAO, G-7, G-8, G-10, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, MINUSTAH, MONUC, NAFTA, NAM (guest), NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS, OECD, OIF, OPCW, OSCE, Paris Club, PCA, PIF (partner), SECI (observer), UN, UNAMSIL, UNCTAD, UNDOF, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNMOVIC, UNRWA, UNTSO, UNWTO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC
Major Agricultural Products: wheat, barley, oilseed, tobacco, fruits, vegetables; dairy products; forest products; fish

Natural Resources & Minerals: iron ore, nickel, zinc, copper, gold, lead, molybdenum, potash, diamonds, silver, fish, timber, wildlife, coal, petroleum, natural gas, hydropower

Industry & Transport: transportation equipment, chemicals, processed and unprocessed minerals, food products, wood and paper products, fish products, petroleum and natural gasl
Airports: 1,337
Railways: 48,467 km
1,042,300 km
Waterways: 631 km
Major Trade Partners: US, China, Mexico Japan, UK
Exports: $405 billion
Imports: $353.2 billion