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Naypyidaw the capital of Burma

Burma | Political Map Burma | Flag Burma

Burma the largest country in mainland Southeast Asia, it is bounded by China, Laos and Thailand in the east, by Bangladesh and India in the north and by the Indian Ocean in the west and south. Myanmar, formerly called Burma, is a diamond-shaped country extending 925km (575 miles) from east to west and 2100km (1300 miles) from north to south.

With a coastline of 2,000 kilometres, Burma was added by the Britain into the British India after conquering the country over a period of 62 years. The country became independent from the Commonwealth in 1948. It was ruled by a military junta led by General Ne Win from 1962 to 1988. Burma is still ruled by the military dictatorship.

Chinese, Indian, and Thai influences make their presence felt in the culture of Burma. This is reflected in its language, cuisine, and music. Theravada Buddhism is an integral part of Burma’s history and literature. However, today one can see western influence in the life of the country.

Travel Overview
Once a hidden jewel Burma is now opening up to the world, revealing stunning natural beauty and an unmatched cultural heritage. The country boasts a civilisation of 2,500 years old, magnificent temple architecture and timeless landscapes.

Added to this spirit and hospitality of Burma makes your visit to the country a memorable one. Tourists attractions of Burma include the world heritage site of Bagan, a former centre of Buddhist spirituality and learning, Bhamo, a famous trading post, Lake Inlè in Shan state , Sagaing Hill, national park at Mount Popa and Mandalay.

The capital cit is Yangon that is surrounded on three sides by water. Shwedagon Pagoda at the heart of Yangon attracts visitors in a large number. One of the most splendid monuments in the world, the stupa dates back to the 11th century. Plated with more than 8,000 solid gold slabs, the stupa’s tip is set with diamonds, rubies, sapphires and topaz.

Capital: Rangoon (Yangon)
Location: Southeastern Asia, bordering the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Bangladesh and Thailand
Climate: tropical monsoon; cloudy, rainy, hot, humid summers
Total Area: 678,500 sq km
Total Population: 47,373,958
Population Growth Rate: 0.815%
Sex Ratio: 0.98 male(s)/female
Literacy: 85.3%
Ethnic Groups: Burman, Shan, Karen , Rakhine, Chinese , Indian , Mon
Irrigated land: 18,700 sq km
Languages: Burmese, minority ethnic groups have their own languages
Time Zone: UTC+6.5
Currency: kyat
Neighbouring countries: Bangladesh, China, India , Laos , Thailand
Type of govt.: military junta
Head of Govt.: Prime Minister, Gen Soe Win
Major Political Parties: National League for Democracy or NLD, National Unity Party or NUP, Shan Nationalities League for Democracy or SNLD
Participation in International Organizations: APT, ARF, AsDB, ASEAN, BIMSTEC, CP, EAS, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OPCW (signatory), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Major Agricultural Products: rice, pulses, beans, sesame, groundnuts, sugarcane; hardwood; fish and fish products
Natural Resources & Minerals: petroleum, timber, tin, antimony, zinc, copper, tungsten, lead, coal, some marble, limestone, precious stones, natural gas, hydropower
Industry & Transport: agricultural processing; wood and wood products; copper, tin, tungsten, iron; cement, construction materials; pharmaceuticals; fertilizer; natural gas; garments, jade and gems
Airports: 85
Railways: 3,955 km
27,000 km
Waterways: 12,800 km
Major Trade Partners: Thailand, India, China, Japan, Singapore, Malaysia
Exports: $3.56 billion
Imports: $1.98 billion

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