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Arctic Ocean

Arctic Ocean | Where is Arctic Ocean? | Arctic Ocean Map

The Arctic Ocean has two significant recurring waterways, the Northwest Passage and the Northern Sea Route. Over the years, there has been increased possibility of navigation in the Arctic Ocean due to the thinning down of polar ice

The geographical coordinates of Arctic Ocean ranges between 90 00 N, 0 00 E and the total area of the region is 14.056 million sq km. The various regions that fall within the area of Arctic Ocean include Hudson Strait, Hudson Bay, Beaufort Sea, East Siberian Sea, Northwest Passage, Baffin Bay, Chukchi Sea, Barents Sea, Laptev Sea, Kara Sea and Greenland Sea along with other offshoot water bodies. The coastline of the Arctic Ocean is stretched as far as 45,389 km.

The winter climate of Arctic Ocean typifies a gloomy weather of continuous darkness and cold whereas summers are bight with daylight and at times damp and foggy too. This is also the time for light cyclones with rain. The natural resources available in and around the Arctic Ocean consists of sand, gravel, polymetallic nodules, fish, marine life, oil and gas, and so on.

The prime hazards or issues related to environment include the danger of extinction of various marine species such as walruses and whales. In addition, being a fragile ecosystem, the environment is sluggish for any kind of change as well as to recover from any disturbance or harm that is caused in the environment. Lastly, the present issue related to thinning down of polar icepack is another major cause of worry for the environment.

The only economic activity in the Arctic Ocean is the exploitation of natural resources. The region is bestowed with resources like petroleum, natural gas, and marine life like fish, and seals, which serve as the limited economic activity of the region.

How to reach

The nearest ports and terminals are in Canada, Russia and US. The Churchill town in Canada, Murmansk city in Russia and Prudhoe Bay in US respectively serves as ports and terminals to Arctic Ocean. Getting to Arctic Ocean is possible through sparse network of routes via water, air, land and river.

Arctic Ocean Map


Arctic Ocean an island in the Caribbean Sea, Arctic Ocean was discovered by Spain in 1499. It was acquired the Dutch in 1636. Arctic Ocean seceded from the Netherlands Antilles in 1986, Arctic Ocean has the Dutch ruling Monarch as its head of State. Arctic ocean has south atlantic ocean, indian ocean and south pacific ocean, you can see south pole at the middle of the arctic ocean map.
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